Data is one of the most sensitive assets in the information age because they are intangible private and public pieces of information about individuals and the societies they exist in. Data usually describes certain aspects of human reality, that encompass individual identities, financial statements, business strategies, medical records and details that relate to national securities of countries.
Personal data could be used for correction, which means that disclosing private information could be used as a mechanism to threaten people to act in a certain way. Personal information like credit card data can also be fraudulently used to source funds to obtain goods without paying for them or obtaining funds from their accounts. More about this you actually can read in this internet privacy essay.
Data from competitors can be stolen and used for market leadership. Businesses can steal strategies and formulas to gain economic advantages over customers and competitors. National defense of a country could be at risk if enemies were to lay their hands on sensitive data.
Importance of Protecting Sensitive Data
Businesses, non – profit organizations and government agencies are continually collecting data about individuals who are interacting with those institutions. These databases that are computerized could include information that is very sensitive like contact information, personal histories and unique governmental identifiers which needs to be protected because others can use them for fraudulent activities.
The loss of extremely sensitive information can result in harm, embarrassment, and inconvenience to the individuals and could lead to the fraudulent application of the information. The advancement of data storage software and technology for data retrieval has led to facilitation of maintenance and compilation of people’s data.
Prevention of the Compromise of Sensitive Data
The thorniest issues that are related to data breaches usually include internal and external intrusions such as attempts to acquire sensitive information by impersonating an entity or the phishing scams.
Federal agencies are very much aware that identification of information security breaches is crucial in the prevention of compromise of sensitive data and they have proposed that information system controls must include critical areas such as access, configuration management, and continuity of operations, segregation of duties and an agency-wide information security program.
Access controls mean that only people who are authorized can read, alter or delete data. Configuration management is the assurance that only software programs that are authorized are implemented. Segregation of duties involves reduction of risks that an individual can perform an independently inappropriate action without detection. Continuity of operations planning involves strategies to prevent significant disruptions operations that are computer – related. Agency-wide information security programs involve frameworks for ensuring risks are comprehended and controls that are effective are selected and appropriately implemented.
Policies of access control that have been proposed by the Federal government protect data from internal attackers, which have increased significantly in the past ten years.
Misuse of organizational information resources has rapidly increased and significant monetary losses associated with it. Organizations that are responsible for the custody of personal information are not just facing financial losses but also competitive advantage and loss of customer confidence since users are no longer relying on the organization’ s data protection mechanism.
Privacy and Security Issues
A combination of procedural controls have been recommended which must be included to control information systems misuse. Examples include security policy statements, agreeable usage guidelines, and security awareness and training. Technical controls such as biometric devices, filtering, and monitoring devices are also recommended.
Employees can also be monitored using devices and surveillance software. Surveillance is subject to ethical and legal considerations. Employers have a right to protect their assets and avoid lawsuits. Protection must be legally aligned and take into account the privacy of employees as individuals.
In conclusion, the internal data security breaches need to be minimized. Employees' privacy should not be violated in the course of retaining data and informational integrity.